Facts about periodontal disease:
Periodontal disease is an inflammatory condition affecting the gums( gingivitis) and causing loss of bone and soft tissue around the teeth (periodontitis). This is the most common condition diagnosed in cats and dogs, by 4 years of age most dogs and cats have some degree of periodontal disease.
Plaque is the bacterial bio-film that develops on the teeth. With time the minerals in saliva harden the plaque into tartar or calculus. When the plaque and tartar go below the gum-line the real problems occur. Bacteria and the toxins it secrets damages the soft tissues around the tooth and ultimately causing bone loss and mobility of teeth.
Effects within the oral cavity include development of a hole (‘fistula’) from the oral cavity into the nasal passages causing nasal discharge, fractures of the jaw following weakening of the jaw bone, bone infection, abscesses, foul smell, drooling, and your pet will experience pain or discomfort while eating. These pets tend to chew their food less and constipation can develop and they may have a preference for soft food or treats.
Bacteria from mouth can enter into the blood stream causing infection in other organs: heart, kidney and liver.
Advanced periodontal disease is non reversible but the good news is that it can be preventable.
True assessment of the degree of periodontal disease can only be performed under general anesthesia. Subgingival probing is followed by ultrasonic scaling and polishing.
After dental cleaning in clinic we encourage dental care at home to prevent the disease in the future. Follow the link below for tips about brushing, special diets and safe chewing toys for your pets.
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